Such medical conditions which occur suddenly and last for the brief period in the body, are said to be the acute disease. But the medical condition where the disease occurs slowly and last for a long time or sometimes for the entire life is called as the chronic disease.
By saying or concluding that the disease is acute or chronic, it will not define the severity of that disease rather only length of the illness or diseases. As sometimes acute condition may develop into chronic disease also, like in case of asthma, the first attack is said to be the acute condition, but it may later develop into the chronic condition if left untreated.
The phenomenon by which disease can be classified depends on many factors. These factors can be the condition due to which the disease occurred, the duration of a disease and its severity. So, on these points diseases falls under two categories – Acute and Chronic.
Content: Acute Vs Chronic Disease
|Basis For Comparison||Acute Disease||Chronic Disease|
|Meaning||Such disease which occurs suddenly and last for a short period is called as acute disease.||Such disease which shows it's prolonged effects on human health. The condition is said to be chronic when the disease lasts for more than three months. Such disease can be life-threatening and majorly affect the immune system of the body and thus declines the health.|
|Time Span||It lasts for a short time, usually few days to the week.||It lasts for longer or lifetime also.|
|Effects||They do not cause long term or ill effects on human.||They may cause severe long term effects on human health, which may be life-threatening too.
|Examples||Cold, burn, breaking of bone, typhoid, jaundice, cholera, burn, strep throat, etc.||Diabetes, arthritis, cancer, tuberculosis, heart disease, asthma attack, osteoporosis, etc.|
Definition of Acute Disease
A disease marked by the sudden onset of symptoms is called as acute disease. This type of medical condition resolves quickly on their own or with mild medical treatment. An acute condition sometimes may be so fast acting and severe also that it gets difficult for the patient to survive.
Examples of acute disease are strep throat, appendicitis, asthma, broken bone, influenza, pneumonia, etc. In some cases, there is the requirement of medical treatment or hospitalization, while some may not require any medical attention.
Definition of Chronic Disease
A chronic disease is characterized by the slow and long term progression over the time. These are long lasting or may be for the lifetime. If the disease lasts for more than three years than it is said to be the chronic disease. In the initial stage of the chronic disease, the symptoms are less severe than those in an acute phase.
The chronic disease shows slow progression and results in the severe damage in the body, which can be partial or complete or sometimes leads to death. Elephantitis, diabetes mellitus, arthritis, emphysema, HIV/AIDS, COPD, hepatitis C are some of the examples of chronic disease.
A person suffering from the chronic disease has the higher percentage than of the acute. The risk factors may be age, gender, life style, unhealthy diet, unawareness about a disease, antigenicity, lack of physical activity. Chronic disease can be cured by medications, neither can be prevented through vaccines in very severe cases.
Key Differences Between Acute and Chronic Disease
Given below are the few substantial difference between the Acute and Chronic disease:
- The medical condition which occurs suddenly and lasts for a short period is called as acute disease. There is another medical condition which develops slowly in the body and shows its prolonged effect, which can be life long or sometimes result in death is called chronic disease. The condition is said to be chronic when the disease lasts for more than three months. The chronic disease shows slow progression.
- The acute disease lasts for a short time, usually for few days to the week but Chronic disease lasts for the longer period or lifetime also.
- Cold, burn, breaking of bone, typhoid, jaundice, cholera, burn, strep throat, etc. are the example of Acute disease, but the disease like diabetes, arthritis, cancer, tuberculosis, heart disease, asthma attack, osteoporosis, etc. are the example of Chronic disease.
We discussed the two categories of the disease, along with their character. These conditions described the various health issue by their signs and symptoms. It is seen that chronic condition are much more severe and needs much attention and research because they contribute to disease more and effect physically as well mentally.